10 // The sweat of a person who violated the great ritual ablution by means of a forbidden act

Ruling 131 – If a person violates the great ablution (ghusli) by committing a forbidden act, such as by committing adultery, homosexuality or masturbation, then his sweat is not bad. However, according to the mandatory measures, one should not perform prayer in clothes on which sweat is still present in such a person.

Ruling 132 – Although the sweat of a person who has violated a major ablution by means of a prohibited act is not bad, the desirable caution is that it is better to avoid such sweat. In order to observe this precaution, it is better for this person to perform a large ablution with water of a moderate temperature, so that no sweat is released during the act. This provision applies only to those cases where a large ablution takes place with water, the volume of which is less than 384 liters. If a large ablution takes place with running water or water, the volume of which is 384 liters or more, then it is not necessary that the temperature of the water be moderate. As a matter of precaution, it will be better to pour water over the body after completing a great ablution.

Rule 133 – It is forbidden to have intercourse with one’s wife during her menses, as well as during the obligatory fasting of the month of Ramadan. If a man violates this prohibition and enters into intimacy with her, and then his body sweats, then all the above-mentioned provisions will apply to him.

Rule 134 – The sweat that is released during the violation of the great ablution with the help of a prohibited act is considered to be the sweat that is released from the human body directly during the performance of the prohibited act, or after its completion and before the repeated great ablution.

Ruling 135 – If a person who broke the great ablution by performing a forbidden act, due to lack of water, lack of time or some other reason, performs tayammum, then the provisions mentioned above cease to apply to his sweat. And he can perform the prayer.

Evidence of defilement

Rule 136 – It is possible to learn that a clean object has become defiled in three ways:

The first: If the person himself is convinced that this object is defiled. A mere assumption in this case, even if it is strong, is not enough. Thus, it is allowed to eat and drink in some public establishments, regarding which a person has only an assumption that there is uncleanness present in them. Except for cases when a person is convinced that the objects in this institution are obscene.

Second: If the owner of the object (for example, the master of the house, the salesman in the shop, the servant in the house) reports that the object in question is defiled.

Third: If the desecration of any object is witnessed by two just persons, and even the testimony of one such person is sufficient.

Rule 137 – If any object was pure and then, after some time has passed, a person doubts whether it has become defiled or not, then that object continues to be considered pure. Conversely, if an object was defiled, and then a person doubts whether it became clean or not, then it continues to be considered defiled.

Rule 138 – If a person knows that one of two utensils or one of two clothes, both of which are used in his daily life, has become defiled, but does not know which one, then he must avoid both. However, if he does not know whether his clothes or someone else’s clothes that he does not use in his daily life have become defiled, then there is no need to avoid them.

Rule 139 – Incredulous people who are constantly overcome by various doubts should not pay attention to their doubts that arise in them about the defilement and purity of objects. In such cases, they should emulate ordinary people and do the same as they do. Ignoring doubts is the best way to get rid of them.

Ruling 140 – Excessive care in matters of defilement and purity beyond reason is condemned in Muslim religious practice. If this caution causes fluctuations, then such caution is questionable.

Rule 141 – If a person supposes that some object has become defiled, he does not have to investigate the matter to be sure of it or the contrary. If such studies cause doubts, then according to the mandatory measure, they are prohibited.

Ruling 142 – In addition to observing the rules of cleanliness and defilement, it is desirable for Muslims to observe the cleanliness of their bodies, clothes, housing, means of transportation and everything around them. Just as the Messenger of Allah and the sinless imams came.