Who can avoid fasting during the holy month of Ramadan?

Islam is a humane and reasonable religion, there are always exceptions. Thus, pregnant and lactating women, minors, the elderly and the sick are exempt from observing Ramadan. Travelers on a long journey can also eat and drink during Ramadan. But apart from the sick and elderly, the rest must then fill in all the missed days of fasting. And if a Muslim, due to illness or old age, is unable to fast in the month of Ramadan, then instead of each day of fasting, he is obliged to pay “fidya”.