Seventh lesson

7) Imam al-Baqir

Muḥammad b. ʿAli b. al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAli b. Abi Ṭalib  (b. 57/677 – d. 114/733) known as Imam al-Baqir (a) and Bāqir al-‘Ulūm, was the fifth Imam of the Shi’a, whose period of Imamate lasted nineteen years.

Imam al-Baqir (a) made a great scientific movement that reached its peak at the time of his son Imam al-Sadiq (a). His narrations in religion, conduct of the Prophet (s), Qur’an sciences, moral conduct, and manner are more than what is remained from the children of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). Thus, during his imamate, a great step was taken towards the organization of Shi’i thought in different fields including ethics, jurisprudence, theology, exegesis, etc. According to historical sources he was present at Battle of Karbala as a child.

Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. al-Husayn b. ‘Ali b. Abi Talib, known as al-Baqir (a) was the fifth Imam of the Shi’a faith, son of Imam al-Sajjad (a), the fourth Imam of the Shi’a faith. His mother was Umm ‘Abd Allah, daughter of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a). Hence he is called Hashimite among Hashimites, ‘Alavi among ‘Alavis, and Fatimi among Fatimis.