8 // Istibra
Ruling 78 – Performing ‘istibra’ (Cleansing the urethra) is a desirable action performed by men after the completion of urination. “Istibra” is performed as follows. Several times, lightly pressing, it is necessary to pass your hand from the base of the penis to the head, squeezing out the remains of urine from the urethra. Then you need to squeeze the head of the penis several times so that the remaining urine comes out. “Istibra” also occurs after the release of sperm. For this, after ejaculation, it is necessary to urinate, in order for the sperm particles to be closed inside and come out.
Rule 79 – Fluids secreted from the human genital organs, excluding urine and semen, are divided into the following types:
First: Fluid that is sometimes released after urination. It is slightly whitish and slightly sticky. This liquid is called “vada”.
Second: Fluid that is released from the genital organ when violated. It is called “ointment”.
Third: Fluid that is sometimes released after ejaculation. This liquid is called “vase”.
All three types of fluids that are secreted from the human genital organs are pure, as long as they do not come into contact with urine or semen. Also, the secretion of these fluids does not violate the ritual ablutions of the big (ghusli) and small (wudu) rituals.
Ruling 80 – The benefit of a man performing ‘istibra’ after urination is that ‘istibra’ cleans the urethra of residual urine. If a dubious fluid is released from the genital organ after committing “istibra”, then it is clean and does not violate minor ablution (wudu). But if after urinating, the man does not make “istibra”, then the released liquid will be considered urine. In this case, it is necessary to repeat a small ablution and wash the place of urination.
Rule 81 – The benefit of a man performing istibra after ejaculation is that the istibra cleanses the urethra of residual semen. If after committing “istibra” a questionable fluid is released from the genital organ, regarding which he will not know whether it is the remains of semen or one of the three types of pure fluid, then he does not need to perform a great ablution (ghusli) again. But if he does not do “istibra”, and there is a possibility that the sperm particles remaining inside the genital organ came out together with urine or other liquid, then he will need to perform a great ablution again.
Rule 82 – If a person has doubts about whether he has committed “istibra”, that is, whether he has committed it or not, then he must avoid contact with the body, clothes and other objects of the fluid released from the genital organ. But if he committed “istibra”, but doubts whether he did it correctly or not, then in this case he should not pay attention to the doubt that arose.
Regulation 83 – Commitment of “istibra” does not apply to women. If a dubious liquid is released from the female genital organ, then it is clean and does not invalidate the minor and major ablutions.
Desirable and undesirable actions when visiting the toilet
Rule 84 – When urinating or defecating, it is advisable to position oneself so that other people cannot see one. It is also advisable to cover your head during urination and defecation.
Rule 85 – It is undesirable to perform the following actions during urination and defecation:
1. Location under fruit trees.
2. Placement in places where people walk, despite the fact that no one will see it.
3. Location near residential buildings.
4. Location opposite the sun and the moon. But if he covers his genitals, then the location opposite the sun and the moon is not unworthy.
5. Prolonged urination and defecation.
6. Talking during urination and defecation. However, it is allowed to talk if necessary. Remembrance of Allah (zikr) is a desirable action in all cases, including during urination and defecation.
7. It is undesirable to urinate while standing.
8. It is not advisable to urinate in water, especially standing water.
9. It is undesirable to urinate in animal burrows.
10. It is undesirable to urinate on hard ground, as the urine will flow elsewhere, and it is undesirable to urinate against the wind.
Regulation 86 – It is undesirable to retain urine and faeces. And if it will cause harm to health, then the fidelity of such detention is doubtful.
Ruling 87 – It is desirable to urinate before going to bed, before performing the prayer, and after ejaculation.