When is Kurban Bayram celebrated?
Kurban Bairam – The Feast of Sacrifice, one of the two major holidays in Islam, celebrated on the 10th day of the twelfth month of the Muslim calendar – Dhul-Hijjah. At this time, Muslims remember the great humility and God-fearing of the Prophet Ibrahim, who was ready to humbly fulfill the Command of the Most High – to sacrifice his son Ismail. But when he was about to make the Qurban (sacrifice), he was given to know that instead of his son, Allah commanded to sacrifice a sheep. This was a great test for Prophet Ibrahim, which he passed with dignity. After all, we are told that the prophets are the best of people, they are an example for us in everything, and first of all in following the Creator’s commandments.
What is the history of this holiday?
Prophet Ibrahim was commanded in a dream to sacrifice his only child (at that time), his long-awaited and dear son Ismailov. The dream of the prophets is the word, and it is the truth. This is said in the Holy Qur’an, which means: “When Ibrahim, peace be upon him, called his son with him and told him on the way that he had seen a dream in which he sacrificed him” (Surah “As-Saffat”, verse 102). When Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, placed his son on his right side, Ismail addressed him with words that mean: “O my father! Make sure that my blood does not get on your clothes and that my mother does not see it. And let the knife quickly pass through my throat, so that it will be easier to die. And when you return, give my mother “Salam” (Greetings) from me. And then Ibrahim, peace be upon him, embracing him, said, which means: “My good son! You help me to fulfill the commandment of Allah the Most High.” When the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, raised a knife to his son’s throat and started running it through his throat, but the knife, by the Will of Allah, should not cut. We know that Allah is the Creator of all things and than is only the cause. Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, trying to fulfill the commandment of Allah, saw in a dream he heard the appeal of Archangel Gabriel, peace be upon him, who, according to the Commandments of Allah, sent down a lamb from Paradise. It is said in the Holy Qur’an, which means: “In return for the efforts of Ibrahim, peace be upon him, who tried to fulfill what he saw in a dream, Allah bestows a special reward.” In another verse of the Holy Qur’an it is said which means: “Isamil was given a big ram instead.” In the history of this holiday, there is a great lesson for us and an example of the manifestation of patience and humility, as well as a clear proof that for the manifested qualities, the believer receives relief and mercy from the Most High.
How do Muslims celebrate this holiday?
Holidays for Muslims are a time of showing obedience to the Lord, thanking the Almighty for the blessings sent to them, a time of deep spiritual joy and unity with fellow believers. One of the special features of the Kurban Bayram holiday is that on this day and the following three days of At-Tashrik, Muslims perform Kurban, and then distribute meat to relatives, relatives, as well as the poor and needy, even if they are strangers to them. Also, Muslims visit cemeteries, read the Holy Quran, transferring the reward from its reading to the dead. Thus, this great holiday symbolizes mercy and unity, care for neighbors and compassion for the needy.
How to choose an animal for Kurban?
When choosing a sacrificial animal, pay attention to its age, health and the presence of defects. Accepted as Qurban: a sheep or ram not younger than one year, a goat, bull or cow older than two years, a camel that has reached five years of age. It is desirable that the sacrificial animal was well-fed, large and beautiful. It should not have defects that adversely affect the quantity and quality of meat. Therefore, a lame, blind or sick animal is not accepted as a Kurban, if its disease is visible from the outside, and also if its ear is completely or partially cut off. And if the animal has a stigma, or some other minor defects that do not affect the quality of the meat, then it is suitable for Kurban. It is known that the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, performed the Kurban with his blessed hand and sacrificed two rams, which were large and fat. The time of sacrifice comes after the time of the Eid al-Adha prayer, and the time is sufficient to read two rakats and two sermons.
Can someone be entrusted with the performance of Kurban?
It is possible to entrust the performance of Qurban to a Muslim Mumayiz. At the same time, the guarantor intends to perform the Kurban either at the time of the assignment or during the performance of the Kurban. It is desirable for a man to make a Kurb himself Ah, but it is better for a woman to entrust it to someone else. But even if it happens by order, it is better to be present when the animal is slaughtered. Do not perform Kurban for someone who did not instruct it, or for a deceased person who did not instruct to perform Kurban during his lifetime. It is strictly forbidden to sell anything from Kurban (sacrifice). The time for Kurban lasts 4 days – the day of the holiday and 3 days of At-Tashreek. Thus the time for Qurban lasts until sunset on the 13th of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. May Allah grant us success in fulfilling our duties and protection and preservation from sins. May the Almighty accept your Kurban. Amen.