in any aspect of life. While we see the Koran is an intelligent book. The verses of the Koran are addressed to the intelligent – “ulul-al-bab”, which means “owners of the mind”. Near
seventy verses in the Qur’an are devoted to reason and addressed to the possessors of reason. In verse 46 of Surah Saba, Allah says: Say: I call upon you only to one thing: stand up for the sake of Allah by twos and by one, and then think. Your friend is not demonic. He only
warns you against the onset of severe torment.” The particle “innamah” used in this verse means the center, it means the center of the fundamentals of Islam and legal matters on the mind. Allah created this world for the happiness of people, this was His main purpose and the purpose of the mind was in this direction. Therefore, the revival of understanding, thought and common sense is the foundation and main component of all Islamic programs. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) urged his opponents to understand, because with the help of reason, you can easily separate lies from truth. Everything beautiful in the world is rooted in reason and right thinking.
Islam considers thinking to be the greatest worship. A significant number of narrations from the Imams talk about the importance of reason and thinking in Islam. In which it is said that the greatest worship is the worship of a Muslim, it is contemplation. Summarizing all that has been said, we can conclude why Fatima Zahra explains the philosophy of legal norms in her famous khutba Fadakia. She pointed to the usurpation of “Fadak” lands – the forcible expropriation of citizens’ property, the arbitrariness of the ruling elites, the neglect of legal
norms of Islam, on the decline in Islamic society, the distortion of Islamic values and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad and the descent into the era of pre-Islamic ignorance – jahiliyya. On the other hand, the ruling elite was preparing to weaken the position of Ali ibn Abi Talib, in fact, these were economic sanctions against him and his supporters. Fatima Zahra
demanded the return of Fadak lands, but the ruling elite denied her her legal rights, quoting a false hadith that prophets leave no inheritance. In the fourth part of the khutba, Fadak Fatima Zahra speaks about her father to the Messenger of Allah and once again pointing out the ignorance they were in, admonished them and called them to remember the state in which they were before and in which they are now after
acceptance of Islam. Fatima Zahra provided strong evidence and left no way out for the enemies.
She said: “If you refuse me because of the Hadith invented by you, “we prophets do not leave a legacy”, then I answered you from the Koran. If your ummahs have pre-Islamic misconceptions that women do not inherit, then Islam rejected
these superstitions, after sunrise there is no night.” Fatimah Zahra became the first martyr on the path of “wilayat”, she fought on the paths of calling to the approved and forbidding the one who persecutes, she died when Imam Ali was in the midst of turmoil and was pouring in on him from all sides
streams of arrows, attacks of ill-wishers and enemies of Islam. She gave her life defending the Imam of her time and it was martyrdom. Her example must never be forgotten, not for a moment can the message she left for us be betrayed into oblivion, nor should the light left by her for us be extinguished. This is an example of selfless struggle for the rights of “Vilayat”. She gave her life for the preservation of the Qur’an and the legacy of the Messenger of Allah.
From the article by Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi “The mystery of the death of Fatima Zahra”