Day against Islamophobia

The International Day Against Islamophobia is one of the official international days of the United Nations. It is celebrated annually on March 15 to promote tolerance and peace based on respect for diversity of beliefs and religions and respect for fundamental human rights.
The term “Islamophobia” refers to superstition, fear or hatred of Islam or Muslims in general, especially when they are seen as a source of terrorism or a geopolitical force. Although the term “Islamophobia” originated in the early 20th century, it did not become popular in ideological debates until the terrorist attacks of September 11.
There is no consensus on how to classify Islamophobia. Some scholars consider it a form of racism or xenophobia, some believe that Islamophobia partially overlaps with or is closely related to racism, and some believe that Islamophobia and racism are two completely unrelated phenomena, because religion and race is two different things.
There is no consensus on the causes of Islamophobia. There is an opinion that the main reason for the growth of Islamophobia is Islamic extremism. Some commentators attribute this to the increase in the presence of Muslims in the EU and the US, while others believe that it is the emergence of a global Muslim identity that has caused the rise of Islamophobia.
Manifestations of Islamophobia include incitement to hatred, violence against Muslims and discrimination. The negative consequences of Islamophobia include, in particular, limited access to employment, education and housing, discriminatory travel bans, an increase in anti-Islamic hate crimes, etc.
Muslim women and girls, in particular, are often victims of discrimination and harassment because of the way they dress. There is even a specific term, “hijabophobia”, which describes the cultural and religious discrimination against Muslim women who wear the hijab and other Islamic clothing. Hijabophobia is a gender-specific type of Islamophobia that manifests itself in workplaces, public spaces, schools and sports.
The International Day Against Islamophobia was launched by the United Nations General Assembly in 2022. The resolution establishing the day was presented by Pakistan on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation with the co-authorship of 55 predominantly Muslim countries and was adopted unanimously.
The date of the celebration, March 15, was chosen to commemorate the victims of the 2019 mosque shootings in Christchurch, New Zealand. During the Friday prayers of Muslims, one militant broke into two mosques, killing 51 people and wounding 40. The criminal was arrested and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
The International Day Against Islamophobia is marked by activities that promote intercultural and interreligious dialogue, understanding and peace, emphasize that violent extremism and terrorism should not be associated with any religion, and offer condolences to victims of Islamophobia and their families.
UN celebrations related to the International Day Against Islamophobia include the International Day of Remembrance for Victims of Violence Based on Religion or Belief, the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and others.