in order to more accurately comprehend and understand the tragedy that happened on the day of Ashura on the Karbala steppe, in my opinion, one should pay attention to the time and place of the appearance of the Islamic religion, to the first years of the prophetic mission of the Messenger, in general to the state of Arabia during the period of the message. For an accurate and thorough analysis of any event, it should be discussed in more detail: an analysis starting from that period can help to clarify the truths of Imam Hussain’s movement, to dispel misconceptions. In order to prove that the events in Karbala were a struggle between truth and lies, that Imam Hussein fought for the preservation of religion, the right path for humanity, one must return to Arabia during the period of the message. People should be shown what difficulties accompanied the emergence and strengthening of religion in that period. It is natural that with such an Arab caliph as the Yezidis, who led Islam to the abyss under the guise of religion, Imam Hussein had to fight, whose duty was to preserve this religion, because religion is the way to the happiness of mankind. In defending religion, Husayn was actually defending the path of mankind to happiness, all mankind in general, because mankind was created to achieve happiness.
Thus, before briefly talking about Arabia,
during the period of the prophethood, I will note that this time Allah sent His prophet and His last Sharia to the most ignorant and wild people of the world, to be more precise, He chose the last prophet from among such people, and they were the first to whom He sent the last Sharia and the last divine revelation . For people who worship inanimate deities, for those who are ignorant and wild, but at the same time fond of literature and poetry, the last heavenly Book was a real miracle. But at the same time, they accepted the Islamic religion with difficulty, showed great tenacity, because they are at the head of the people, although they knew the correctness of the new religion, it was a serious threat to their material condition. To prove these characteristics of these ignorant and wild people, it is enough to cite a very famous example. So, forgetting that once their mothers were also someone’s daughters, they hated their daughters, they buried them alive, considering it valor and courage. They were ignorant, because they did not understand that they once appeared in the world thanks to their mother, a former girl, that the human race continues thanks to today’s girls, tomorrow’s mothers. They were also savages, because they buried a small child alive. It was among such people that the Prophet of Islam began to preach what was given to him. One can now easily understand all the complexity of inviting ignorant and wild people who worship many deities to monotheism, to knowledge, morality, to call for boundless love for children of those who buried their children alive. There is a strong claim that the Prophet received the good news of a daughter and his lineage was continued through Fatimah Zahra. Allah also gifted His Messenger with a girl, the family and religion continued with their help …
The spread of Islam,
bringing to people this divine light, the ways of salvation took place in very difficult conditions, with great difficulties with the help of the Prophet and his few followers. The spread and development of the Islamic religion took place thanks to the martyrdom of hundreds of believers, imprisonment, hunger and thirst, deprivation of a roof over the head and property. Islam spread, got on its feet thanks to Ammar Yasir, endured the murder of her parents before her eyes, Khadija Kubra, who was once one of the richest people in Mecca, and after being expelled from her native places due to the adoption of Islam and remained in the Abu Talib valley without food and drink, Muslims , were forced to leave their homeland. Finally, the Prophet himself left Mecca and created a divine, religious state in Medina. The Islamic caliphate was created on the basis of the last divine revelation, the basic law of our religion, the Koran, and entirely on the basis of the religious and state provisions of Islam. This was the most important step in strengthening and developing Islam. This reduced the threat of the disappearance of Islam, wider opportunities for the practical development of the religion appeared. The Islamic caliphate was a state governed by Islamic law. Thus, the prophet was able to show the example of Islam, the Islamic caliphate was such an example.
The crisis after the death of the Prophet
was expected, he himself felt this danger, but unfortunately, the ordinary Muslims, who constitute the strength of Islam, could not understand the importance of this issue. Naturally, such ignorant and wild people accepted Islam for a short time, but they could not understand all the nuances and problems related to tomorrow. Despite the fact that the Prophet knew about the cunning, hypocrisy of some people among the Muslims, even in his environment, he saw their inner expectations, he could not punish because they have an outward behavior. But he knew that at the first opportunity these people are ready to use religion and Muslims in their interests. Therefore, he managed to take only precautionary steps. But yesterday’s ignoramuses and savages could not understand these steps properly, they did not understand their essence. An example of this is the Ghadir Khum event. This event was because
gestural will, indicating the Koran. The Prophet gave this instruction to thousands of people, but when the time came, no one, except a few people, helped in the realization of God’s will. They loved Allah, and the Koran, and the Prophet, and Ali, but they simply could not comprehend the importance of the question. It was from this that a crisis began after the death of the Prophet, the cause of which was the indifference of Muslims to the Ghadir Khum event. If what the Prophet said in Ghadir Hume had been implemented, Islam and Muslims would have been able to avoid the crisis that continues to this day. The event of Ghadir Khum meant consistency and protection of Islam. This event also means that Islam consists not only of the Qur’an but also of the Hadith, that the Qur’an is equated with the Ahl al-Bayt of the Prophet. With the event of Ghadir Khum, the Prophet appointed after him not only the spiritual leader, but also the head of the Islamic caliphate, this meant the definition of the imamate and the divine path of blameless imams. The event of Ghadir Khum means the guardianship of Muslims, the protection of the religion after the Prophet. This is precisely the task of the immaculate imams. The task of the imams was to preserve Islam, and preserving the religion was as important as its message. It was this divine mission that rested on the imams. Therefore, in order to draw the correct conclusions from their actions, one should consider their lives not separately, but as one long life. They fulfilled their mission sometimes by being close to the caliph and correcting their mistakes, sometimes they made peace with criminals, sometimes they raised a rebellion, sometimes they engaged in enlightenment, sometimes they became the successor of the caliph, and sometimes they went into hiding.
It’s not a secret for anyone
How important was the role played by Imam Ali in the protection of Islam during the period of the Rashidite caliphs. The responsibility for saving the religion from the crisis that arose after the death of the Prophet, for its protection, rested on Ali ibn Abu Talib, since he was the imam. And precisely for the purpose of protecting Islam, during the reign of the former three caliphs, he corrected their mistakes, sometimes even defended them. For example, in order to protect the third caliph Osman from terror, he tried to prevent it together with his sons. Because, despite the fact that the event of Ghadir Khum was forgotten, the caliphs led the Islamic caliphate and outwardly followed Islam. In such a situation, Ali defended the religion, he suffered with sorrow the injustice to his person, the misfortune of the daughter of the Prophet, because the Islamic religion could face the danger of destruction and disappearance. Ali did everything he could to preserve the Qur’an, the Sunnah of the Prophet, the Islamic Caliphate, the State of the Prophet, associated with this religion, and thus protected Islam. Finally, when after many years Ali’s right was restored when he became the caliph, he was very patient because his main goal was to protect Islam. Because even after the Prophet, the enemies of Islam wanted to erase the Islamic religion from the face of the earth: the rapid spread of Islam, monotheism at all times was the reason for the hostility of the opposing side. Hassan ibn Ali, who ruled for a very short period of time, should be added to the Rashidite caliphs. The situation developed in such a way that Imam Hassan made peace with Muawiya, the son of Abu Sufyan, a representative of the Amavit dynasty, who declared himself a caliph even during the tenure of Imam Ali and did not submit to the Islamic caliphate, and temporarily transferred the caliphate to him. The purpose of Imam Hasan, who was forced to leave this world, was to protect the religion, because the only way to save the religion at this critical moment was to sign the world. Had it not been for this peace treaty, Muawiya would have completely destroyed the religion of Muhammad, as the true Muslims had become very weak. In fact, with this peace treaty we have already reached Ashura, because this peace treaty was the beginning of the Ashura rebellion. In fact, one of the reasons for the poisoning and killing of Imam Hassan by Muawiyah’s spies was his preparation for the uprising. It’s just that Muawiya partially complied with the requirements of Islam in his actions and behavior, thereby delaying the beginning of this rebellion: Muawiya managed to hide his true face and not advertise it. He knew that one day he would make a mistake and Imam Hasan would announce this mistake to the whole world, show Muslims that he is a liar and an enemy of Islam in Islamic clothing, that he seized the Islamic Caliphate, and then would rise against it. Because when religion is in danger, when all other roads are blocked, an innocent imam will sacrifice even his own life, but save Islam.
Events from the time of the death of Imam Hasan to the caliphate of Yazid,
from a historical point of view, are of great importance and are connected with the uprising of Imam Hussein. As already mentioned, after making peace with Muawiyah, Imam Hasan handed over the caliphate to him for the time being, because fighting him and becoming a martyr meant the end of Islam. It was practically impossible to prove to the world and Muslims the heresy of Muawiya, his enmity with religion. Muawiya achieved this by trickery, he did not expose himself to the Muslims like Yazid. Mu’awiyah outwardly adhered to religion, he knew that otherwise he would face ruin. Yezidi no longer saw the need to follow Islam, even outwardly, because he considered himself all-powerful. Therefore, after signing peace with Imam Hasan, Muawiya actually lost, because if he entered into a war with Imam Hasan, whom at that time
time betrayed and who remained surrounded by few supporters, he might have achieved his true goal – to destroy the religion of Muhammad. However, this did not happen. By agreeing to peace with Imam Hasan, Mu’awiyah thereby signed the beginning of the end of the Abu Sufyan dynasty. In this world, Imam Hasan got the opportunity to reunite with his few followers. After the conclusion of the peace treaty, Imam Hasan returned to Medina, and prepared to revolt against Muawiya in order to save the Islamic Caliphate. However, despite the fact that Mu’awiya violated the terms of the agreement from the first days, the Imam unquestioningly followed the agreement, and waited for the manifestation of Mu’awiya’s true face in order to implement the planned rebellion. This is evidenced by the numerous letters of Muawiya, which he sent to the imam in Medina, in which he called on the imam to observe peace and not make attempts to revolt. Finally, when the term of the peace treaty was about to expire, Muawiyah’s spies, deceiving the Imam’s wife, poisoned and killed His Eminence with her help. Imam Hasan became a martyr, and Muawiyah was now haunted by the shadow of Imam Hussain. Messengers of truth always pursue thieves, taking away their sleep, disturbing their peace. The cause of Imam Hasan was continued by Imam Husain, and Muawiya, after the death of Imam Hasan, went even further and appointed Yazid as his successor. Muawiya violated the clause of the peace agreement to return the leadership of the caliphate to Imam Hasan, and if he is not alive, to Imam Husayn, he wanted to see his son Yazid at the head of the Islamic caliphate. Until his death, Muawiyah’s demeanor was outwardly closer to Islam. He could not show his desire to destroy Islam, because he knew very well that it was the duty of the innocent to protect Islam, and if he crossed the line, he would be doomed to death. During the time of Muawiya, the religion, the decrees of the Qur’an, the Ahl al-Bayt of the Prophet and their supporters were under great pressure, but the threat of the destruction of the religion, its disappearance, was insignificant, because Muawiya himself was forced to protect Islam. Time passed, and Muawiyah, like his father Abu Sufyan, could not end Islam and died. The caliphate went to his successor Tsezid. However, the legalization of Yazid’s caliphate required an oath of allegiance from famous people, an oath as a successor was not enough to rule the caliphate. The path to the caliphate was blocked by three people. But one of them, Abdullah ibn Omar, was easily deceived by the benefits of this world, and he later agreed with Yazid. It was possible to silence Abdullah ibn Zubair, even to kill him, and his killing would not have caused serious upheaval in society. However, Hussein ibn Ali was a serious obstacle for the usurper and tyrant Yazid.
Who is Yazid?
Finding the answer to this question is not so difficult. Even though Yazidi was not outwardly religious, like his grandfather Abu Sufyan, grandmother Hind, father Muawiya, he did not consider it necessary. He assumed that there was no longer any need to follow the requirements of religion externally and in his actions, because he had already completely seized the caliphate, and it belonged to the Umayyads. Therefore, standing at the head of the religion, he openly allowed actions that the religion considered haram. For example, he openly indulged in debauchery in his palace, which is haram according to Islam, indulged in fornication, which was considered haram, openly arranged gambling games in the palace, drank wine, etc. But most importantly, he did all this not secretly, but openly, in front of the guests, the guests who arrived at the palace, Muslims. During his lifetime, Muawiyah prevented such actions of Yezida and warned him about the possible deplorable results of such behavior. But the young and drunk Yezid did not believe in this. After the death of Muawiyah, Yazid gained freedom in his actions, and the rumor about his actions spread rapidly in the caliphate. Along with the cunning shown by his grandfather and father, Cezid sinned openly, and this was evidence of his dirty intentions. Some rich supporters of the Umayyad caliphate dared to repeat the sinful acts of the Yezidis in other cities. As already mentioned, Yazida’s concern was related to three people, especially Imam Husayn, because he knew that they had violated the peace treaty with Imam Hasan, and he himself still wanted to raise a rebellion during his lifetime. Therefore, first of all, he wanted Imam Husain to confirm his right to the rule of the caliphate, to swear allegiance to him. To this end, as soon as Mu’awiyah died, he concealed it, and required his representative to first take the oath from Imam Husain. It is already a historical fact that before the news of Muawiya’s death was spread widely and it was announced, Imam Husain told Abdullah ibn Zubair about it in Madinah. Yazidi wanted Imam Husayn to swear allegiance to him before Mu’awiya’s death became known to the masses. The ruler of Medina, on the instructions of Yazid, had to inform Imam Husayn about the death of Muawiyah and obtain from him an oath of loyalty to Yazid. In another case, Imam Hussein was to be killed in the ruler’s palace. Yes, the Yezidis gave the ruler the following order: “If Imam Hussein does not swear allegiance, kill him.” If before that the killing of innocents was ordered secretly and indirectly, then Yazid became the first and last head of the Islamic Caliphate, which
did it clearly – to kill the grandson of the Prophet. The imam did not take an oath, and no matter how criminal the ruler of Medina, Walid bin Utba, was, he did not take upon himself such a great sin as killing the imam. Of course, there was merit in this, and the imam was accompanied by armed supporters of Lazna Hashim. On the 29th of Rajab, at night, the Imam left Medina and went to Mecca, Hussein’s caravan set off.
thus, from that night, Imam Husain decided to revolt. In fact, the imam understood the situation when he was invited to the ruler of Medina and the uprising in the name of saving the faith, the prologue of which was the world of Imam Hassan, started right there. Because the Imam knew Yazid well and was informed of his obvious sins which increased after the death of Muawiya. There was no longer a father to tame Yazid. The leadership of the Islamic caliph by such a person, who openly disregarded the requirements of religion, was believed to be a real danger. As a result of his obvious sins, religion ceased to be respected not only by foreigners, but also by Muslims. If the leader of the religion, who sits in the place of the Prophet, openly disregards the requirements of the religion, then what was expected from ordinary people?! Thus, the threat of annihilation loomed over Islam. Islam, which was nurtured and spread during the period of the message with enormous pains, sufferings, blood of thousands of people, and the duty of the imam was to protect Islam. This time, the only way of salvation was to eliminate the heretic at the head of the Islamic Caliphate. Yes, either Islam will be protected by removing Yazid, or all Muslims must learn that Yazid is a disgrace to Islam and faith, and his throne, on which he sits, is not really an Islamic caliphate, but an ordinary Arab caliphate, covered by the veil of religion . If the imam cannot overthrow Yazid, then he must show the whole world that the Islamic caliphate was before Muawiya, and he usurped it and turned it into an Arab caliphate. That is why the imam rose to defend the faith, he must either overthrow Yazid from the throne, or prove that his caliphate is far from Islam and was captured by the Umayyad family. It was his divine duty. And that’s why the imam started a rebellion that has been preparing for many years in the name of saving Islam.
Invitation of the residents of Kufa
did not pass without a trace for the uprising. It is natural that the rebel should respond positively to the invitation of the people who promised to protect him. The people of Kufa invited Imam Husayn, who had already rebelled. After receiving the news of the death of Muawiya, they did not swear allegiance to Yazid, and as soon as they heard about the rebellion of Imam Husayn, they gathered and decided to invite him to Kufa. Here it would be appropriate to dedicate a separate chapter to the city of Kufa … Let’s briefly say that Kufa was native to Imam Hussein. During the reign of the Caliphate of Imam Ali, it was the capital of the Islamic Caliphate, an important settlement from a military and strategic point of view. There were also many supporters of the descendants of the Prophet. The Imam naturally responded positively to this invitation. The caravan of the rebellion, going from Medina to Mecca, had to continue its course from Mecca to Kufa, because Mecca did not have favorable conditions for rebellion: the executioners of Yazid, who were everywhere, could at any moment terrorize the Imam. Yezidis wanted to suppress this rebellion before it took place or had not achieved a result, while the imam, on the contrary, had to achieve the victory of the rebellion, even if the price would be the murder and tragedy of himself and his loved ones. Because in order to protect the religion, either Yazid had to leave the throne of the caliphate, or his exposure as far from Islam should follow. Despite the positive response to the invitation of the people of Kufa, the Imam sent messengers there, and, having received news of a favorable situation, headed for Kufa more decisively. However, on the way to Kufa, the imam learned about the troubles of the messengers, who overtook them after writing the letter. However, the fact that the imam did not change his route proves that Iraq was the place where the pre-planned uprising took place. It becomes clear that even before the invitation from Kufa, the imam planned to move in this direction, because even after learning about the treachery and apostasy of the people of Kufa, he still did not change the direction of movement. However, the fact remains: after the imam found out about the treason they invited him and the murder of his messenger Muslim bin Agli, he realized that it would be difficult to remove Yazid from the throne, and there was only one choice – to expose him, to separate the Islamic caliphate from the power of the Umayyads. thereby protecting the faith. People should have learned that after Imam Ali and Imam Hassan, the Islamic Caliphate was usurped by the Umayyads, and Yazid, even his father Muawiya, have nothing to do with the Islamic Caliphate and Islam in general. The faith was not represented in the caliphate after Imam Hassan, and the Islamic State created by the Prophet existed until the end of the caliphate of Imam Hassan, the protection of religion, the spiritual guidance of Muslims and their guardianship – the task of Ali, whom the Prophet appointed at Ghadir Hume, and his descendants, they represent religion. As already mentioned, after the betrayal of the people of Kufa, the imam did not change the direction of his movement, he continued again
I went to Kufa. He knew about the difficulties and shahadate on this path, he informed his followers about it. Because people who show courage in the name of realizing such a divine mission had to choose this path independently, the steps taken with conviction and love become successful and immortal. Therefore, after leaving Mecca, the imam stopped three times and gave his followers the right to choose freely. Those who joined them for the sake of profit and the benefits of this world left them: the process of purifying the caravan of Karbala was going on, only the followers of the true faith reached Karbala. Already on the night of Ashura, no one left the imam, because all the extra people left, and for the rest, faith was above this life.
Women and children in Imam Hussein’s caravan
have always been of interest to researchers and attracted their attention. If you carefully consider this issue, you can see that it is as if the people in this caravan were specially chosen. We will probably not be mistaken if we say that the imam chose his companions in the struggle alone. Because Imam Husain, who did not let some persons join their ranks, about whom no one had any doubts, for example, Muhammad Hanafiya, called to himself persons who shunned him, for example, Zuhair. At the same time, he many times gave the opportunity to leave it to those who wanted it. Thus, among the people of the Karbala uprising, there was not a single random, blindly supporting imam of a person, everyone joined this caravan intelligently, believing, freely. Naturally, it should be so, among those who will save humanity and the faith, there should not be random people, and this immortalized their factor. It is known that this caravan included close and distant relatives of the imam, including family members, women and children. If we take into account the above, it means that the imam included women and children, members of his family, in this caravan, not by chance. If the person who raised the mutiny, even half way, learns that everything will end in tragedy, that the goal will be achieved by bloodshed, and still leaves women and children in the caravan, then they are also participants in this rebellion and have their own mission. As noted, the imam knew very well that Yazid either wanted to secretly terrorize him or kill him somewhere in a deserted place. The Imam did not want to be killed secretly, it was not part of his rebellion, and therefore, without completing the Hajj to Mecca, taking off the Ihram, he left the city. Because the Yazid executioners wanted to terrorize the Imam in Mecca. Imam raised a rebellion and could not give Yazid a chance to quietly suppress this rebellion. That is why he left Mecca, heading to Kufa. He lived in Kufa for several years, Kufa was the capital of the Islamic Caliphate during the reign of his father and brother, there were many followers of Ahli Bayt – this is what prompted the imam to choose this place. Therefore, he did not change his route even after he learned about the treachery of the people of Kufa, about the merciless treatment of his messenger. As it was noted, the Yezidis wanted the killing of the imam without causing a stir, and the society learned about it late and after some time. In addition, he planned that the names of the killers would not be revealed or that they would not be related to the authorities. But Imam Husain revolted, he had to achieve the goal by any means. This time it was to expose Yazid and show everyone that he has nothing to do with religion. The goal was the same and that is why, if necessary, the imam agreed to sacrifice his life for the misfortunes of his relatives. Naturally, Yazid considered the task of concealment and non-disclosure accomplished by killing Imam Husayn and his followers in a deserted desert where even trade caravans did not pass. The Imam took measures in advance to bring to the whole world the events that are secretly taking place in the deserted desert of Neinava. Yazid’s plan “to kill the imam quietly, silently and without evidence” was to be destroyed by women and children. Imam’s sister, Ali and Fatima’s daughter, Mrs. Zaynab, after the assassination of Imam Hussain, together with his son Imam Sajjad, who was seriously ill at that time, became the leader of this sad caravan, and the role and mission of women and children in the caravan and in this uprising became clear after Ashura – to convey the truth of Ashura to the world.
Exposure of Yezid
was very important to achieve the goal of this uprising. Giving a chance to the openly sinning Yezidis and his followers, inviting them to the righteous path, the imam fulfilled his duty as a man and imam, but at the same time, each time denying the imam, they exposed themselves, once again demonstrated their dirty intentions. So, the caravan of the imam’s rebellion was stopped near Kufa and was not allowed to enter the city, and even to return back. He was not killed, because it was impractical near Kufa, where trade caravans passed. Word could spread quickly, Muslims could accuse Yazid of killing members of the Prophet’s family, and his heresy would be proven to all. Therefore, the imam’s caravan was given a corridor in only one direction – from Neinav, to the Karbala desert. Yezid’s followers did not know that the imam was ready for this, that the women and children in the caravan had set out with him for this very reason: he raised a mutiny and was prepared for all difficulties in advance.
Having reached Karbala, contrary to the rules, the imam pitched tents in the lowlands, although usually a tent
and were installed on the heights. The imam had two reasons. First, the imam knew that the enemy’s army, which cut off his path and headed towards Karbala, would not be limited to a thousand men, and Yazid would send additional forces here. Maybe it was for the best: the more people who witness what is happening, even if they are enemies, the more Yazid will be exposed. Therefore, the imam ordered to break the tents, where there were women and children, in the lowlands, not wanting the enemies to calmly observe what was happening there. Another reason was to prevent children from seeing the bloody events taking place on the battlefield. After the killing of the imam, children would still witness the barbaric treatment of themselves and women.
He only advised Ms. Zeinab to climb the hill to observe what was happening on the battlefield. All this was aimed at exposing the lies of Yazid, a heretic could not lead the religion. If the caliphate is headed by Yazid, then it is already the Islamic caliphate. Therefore, the imam’s dialogue with the Yezidi army before Ashura, his admonition not to touch women and children, the request not to completely deprive the caravan of drinking water and to refrain from their dirty intentions, exposed the lies and cunning of the Yezidis every time. As they disagreed with the imam, their true colors, their purpose, were revealed. Yezid was directly to blame for the troubles of Imam Hussein and his followers, the ruler of Basra and Kufa agreed with him at every step. But Imam Husayn, and after his murder, Zeinab Kubra and Imam Sajjad exposed the heresy and tyranny of Yezid so much by their actions that not only Muslims, but also the whole world understood that the caliphate was no longer Islamic, but the usurping Umayyad Arab caliphate. Therefore, in historical sources, the caliphate after the Prophet during the reign of Imam Ali and Imam Hassan is called Islamic, and starting with Muawiyah and Yazid, it is called Arab, and speaking out against the caliphate is not considered speaking out against religion. The world treats the Rashidite caliphs differently. This was the result of the rebellion of Imam Hussein and the preservation of the faith. Imam Husayn achieved this at the cost of blood and troubles, his own and those of his relatives. Yazid was so exposed that he shifted the blame for all the crimes in Sham to the ruler of Kufa and Basra, the commander of the troops in Karbala, Abdullah ibn Ziyad. He was forced to allow the followers of Imam Hussain, led by Ms. Zeinab and Imam Sajjadi, to hold the first ever mourning ceremony. After that, the heads of the martyrs were returned to the captives. They returned to Medina via Karbala, buried their heads there and marked the 40th day of the Ashura tragedy with a mourning ceremony. It will all happen later.
They take place in Karbala
were the bloodiest page in history. On the tenth day of the month of Muharram, on the day of Ashura, an unprecedented tragedy occurred in the Iraqi desert of Karbala. Before talking about the inhumanity of the event, it should be noted that there were less than 80 people capable of carrying weapons in Imam Hussein’s caravan. In addition to Imam Sajjadi, who was seriously ill at that time, there were more than 40 people who were unable to hold weapons – women and children. The number of enemy troops was at least 10,000. But, despite this, supporters of Imam Hussain resisted throughout the day – from sunrise to sunset. None of Imam Hussain’s close relatives had gone into battle before the midday call to prayer, the tragedy of the Ahl al-Bayt began after the midday prayer. But every warrior of Karbala fought very skillfully, bravely became a martyr. The main hero of this day was Imam Hussein. He fought very bravely, pursued the villains, and every time proved to the enemy what the son of Ali proved. And the tragic part of this event began with the torment of Imam Hussein’s loved ones. Yezid’s soldiers, with particular cruelty, tore the son of Imam Ali Akbar, who fell from his horse, killed the young son of Imam Hasan Hasima, brutally dealt with the 6-month-old child of the imam – this was the beginning of the tragedy. By brutally dealing with the relatives of Imam Husayn, led by Abulfazl Abbas, the enemies seemed to take revenge on the imam. The tragic nature of this event is evidenced by the merciless attack on the imam himself, his beheading alive, as well as the beheading of all the martyrs and their heads strung on spears. Mourners today pay attention to just such moments of the event after Imam Husayn, arrange mourning ceremonies and cry. These moments transfer the events of Karbala from the plane of ordinary battle to the plane of tragedy. After all, in an ordinary battle, they do not kill a 6-month-old baby, a 10-15-year-old teenager, they do not decapitate a person alive, they do not rob corpses, leaving them only in their underwear, they do not decapitate corpses, they do not string them on spears and do not display them , walking around the cities. They do not attack the surviving members of the families of the martyrs, who do not set fire to their tents or rob them. This is no longer a battle, it is a tragedy, atrocity, inhumanity. Attacking children after the battle, looting them, setting fire to their belongings and tents, capturing them, chaining them and driving them around the cities is a tragedy, and all this gives the events in Karbala the status of genocide. As if anticipating all this, Imam Husayn, addressing Yazid’s army, urged them to act as free men, as befits a man. Unfortunately, they were jer
ethics, and were not courageous, free people. The imam, despite all this tragedy, continued his path and gained victory, preserved religion, left open for humanity the only way to salvation and happiness …
Theologian: Namik Babakhanov (Kyiv-Ukraine)