5 // Types of water

3 – Running water

Rule 34 – Running water is water that flows from any source, such as springs and underground water, or originates on mountain tops due to melting snow, and flows in the form of rivers.

Rule 35 – Running water does not become defiled after coming into contact with bad, even if its volume is less than 384 liters. But this does not apply to those cases when the smell, color or taste of running water will change as a result of contact with bad water.

Rule 36 – If an impurity gets into running water and changes the color, smell or taste of a part of the water, then only that part of the running water into which the impurity got will become defiled. And the rest of the water, which is connected to the source, will remain clean, even if its quantity is less than 384 liters. If the volume of the part of the water that is on the other side of the polluted place is less than 384 liters, then it will become polluted. Except for cases when this part of the water will be connected to the source by means of clean water.

Rule 37 – If any part of standing water is scooped up and it fills up again to its former volume, then that water is considered running water. It will not become defiled as a result of a collision with a bad one, even if its volume is less than 384 liters. The same applies to stagnant waters located near rivers and connected to them.

Regulation 38 – Springs and groundwaters that sometimes flow and sometimes do not are considered flowing waters only when the water is moving.

Regulation 39 – Water in the water pipes of buildings, baths, etc., is considered running water if it is connected with a spring, and if the volume of water in the spring, alone or together with the water in the pipes, is not less than 384 liters (that is, not less than the volume of water ” chickens”).

Regulation 40 – If the vessel is placed under a tap, then the water inside the vessel will be considered running water, but this is provided that it is connected to the water flowing from the tap.

4 – Rainwater

Proposition 41 – Rainwater is like running water. It also purifies defiled objects, whether the defiled object is the earth, the body, a carpet, or anything else. But only on the condition that the uncleanness itself will be removed from the defiled object, and the water with which the defiled object was washed will drain or be squeezed out.

Clause 42 – A mere few drops of rain are not sufficient for water to be considered rainwater. The rain must be abundant to be able to say: it is rain.

Rule 43 – If the rain falls directly on the impurity itself, and then, after encountering the impurity, the water flows elsewhere, then according to the obligatory measure, one must refrain from using that water and must avoid it.

Rule 44 – If the impurity itself is directly present on the surface of the ground or on the roof of a building, and the rain falls on it, the obligatory measure is to avoid that water (that is, the water that has spilled on the impurity). The same part of the rainwater that did not spill onto the dirt is clean. If these waters mix with each other and flow from the drain pipe, then they are also clean.

Rule 45 – If the rain water falls on the ground and flows under a canopy or some place where the rain does not fall, it will cleanse the defiled place. But on the condition that this flowing water will be associated with rain.

Rule 46 – If rainwater collects in a place and is still associated with rain, it will cleanse any polluted thing, even if its quantity is less than 384 liters.

Rule 47 – If a clean carpet is placed on a polluted ground, and then rain falls on the carpet and the water seeps through the carpet and flows out from under it, the carpet will not become defiled. Moreover, the ground under the carpet will cease to be slandered.

Rule 48 – If rain falls on a fountain or a pool of mutilated water, and the rainwater mixes with the water of the pool, the water of the pool will become pure.

5 – Spring water

Rule 49 – Spring water is pure and cleanses defiled objects, even if its volume is less than 384 liters. If a spitted object, from which the dirt itself has been removed, is washed with well water, then this object will become clean. But if the smell, color, and taste of the well water changes as a result of contact with the bad, then it will become polluted and will cease to cleanse other defiled objects.

Rule 50 – If filth gets into the well, the water in the well will not become dirty. But it is desirable to drain a certain amount of water from the well, and this amount of water depends on what kind of dirt got into the well. The amount of water drained for each type of impurity is detailed in Islamic fiqh books.

Rule 51 – Water pumped from deep, semi-deep and ordinary wells by means of pumps and pumps in the amount of 384 liters is a purifier of impurity. If the amount of pumped water is less than 384 liters, then as long as this water is in continuous motion, it will have all the features of well water and will not become muddled as a result of contact with dirt.

Regulation 52 – If an impurity is placed in a water well, resulting in a change in smell orcolor or taste of water, and then, after some time, this change will disappear by itself, then the well water will not become purified. Except for cases when new water will arrive in the well from under the ground and it will be diluted with mutilated water.