19 // Great ritual ablution (ghusl)

In Muslim religious practice, performing a prayer, performing Hajj, reading the Koran and some other actions requires the presence of a large ritual ablution, called “ghusl”.

Ruling 359 – There are seven types of obligatory major ritual ablutions:

1-Great ablution, which is carried out after intimacy or ejaculation (ghusl al-Janabi).

2-Great ablution, which is carried out after vaginal secretions (ghusl al-istihada).

3-Great ablution, which is carried out after the end of menstrual bleeding (ghusl al-Hayd).

4-Great ablution, which is carried out after the end of postpartum bleeding (ghusl an-nifas).

5-Great ablution, performed after touching the deceased (ghusl mas al-mayyit).

6-Great ablution, performed for the deceased (ghusl al-mayyit).

7-Desirable great ablution, the performance of which became mandatory due to oaths, vows, etc.

Great ablution, performed after intimacy or ejaculation (ghusl al-janabi)

Rule 360 – In two cases, a person is obliged to perform ritual ablution

First: After intimacy.

Second: After ejaculation, regardless of whether it happened during sleep or wakefulness, there was a lot or little sperm.

Rule 361 – If a person releases a fluid and he does not know whether it is semen or any other fluid, it will be considered semen if it was released with force and if its release was accompanied by an orgasm. And if the liquid is released without pressure, or is not accompanied by an orgasm, then in this case it will not be considered semen. However, the release of semen with pressure is not an indispensable condition for sick men.

Rule 362 – If a woman (or a sick man) discharges a fluid at the peak of orgasm, all the provisions relating to semen apply to it, and the discharge of this fluid entails the obligation to perform a great ablution. This liquid does not necessarily have to be released with pressure.

Proposition 363 – In most cases, a person feels weak in the body after ejaculation. However, weakness in the body is not a necessary condition and a sign of semen release.

Rule 364 – It is desirable that a man urinate after ejaculation. This must be done in order for the smallest particles of sperm remaining inside the genital organ to come out. If a person does not urinate after ejaculation, and after performing a large ablution, he will have a liquid, and he will not know what it is (sperm or not). , then it is considered sperm. And in this case, he needs to perform a great ablution again.

Ruling 365 – If during intimacy the head of the penis enters the vagina, then the man and the woman will have to perform a great ablution afterwards. Regardless of whether the man and the woman (or one of them) are of legal age or not, whether sperm will be released or not. However, if the sexual contact takes place in the anus, then, according to the mandatory measures, in addition to a large ablution (ghusl), it is also necessary to perform a small ablution (wudu).

Rule 366 – If a person doubts whether the head of the penis has entered the vagina or not, it is not necessary to perform a great ablution.

Ruling 367 – If the sperm begins to move, but the person does not allow it to come out, or if the sperm does not come out for other reasons, then performing a great ablution is not necessary. Also, performing a great ablution is not necessary in the case when a person doubts whether the sperm came out or not.

Ruling 368 – If a man does not have water to perform a large ritual ablution, then he may enter into intimacy with his wife and then perform Tayammum, and that will be sufficient. In this case, there is no difference, the intimacy happened before or after the time of prayer.

Ruling 369 – If a person sees semen on his clothes and is 100% sure that it was his semen, then he must perform a great ablution (ghusl). And after that he should perform again the prayers which he is sure were performed by him without the presence of a great ablution. But it is not necessary to repeat those prayers about which he doubts.

Actions forbidden to a person who does not have a great ablution (ghusl)

Rule 370 – A person who does not have a great ritual ablution is prohibited from committing five acts:

First: Touching the text of the Koran, the name of Almighty Allah, the names of the prophets and sinless imams, according to the mandatory measure (as was said in the section on small ablution).

Second: It is forbidden to visit the mosque in Mecca and the mosque of the Prophet (Dbar) in Medina, even passing through them, when a person enters one door and, without stopping, leaves the other.

Third: Staying in other mosques. But if a person enters one door of the mosque and, without stopping, exits from the other, or comes to the mosque in order to take something, then such a thing is not prohibited. Also, according to the obligatory measure, a person who does not have great ablution, one should not be in the mausoleum of sinless imams


Fourth: Entering the mosque in order to leave something in it.

Fifth: Reading verses of the Koran, after which it is necessary to perform the earthly prostration. However, it is not forbidden to read other verses from those surahs that contain verses of prostration.

Rule 371 – Four Qur’anic surahs contain verses requiring obligatory prostration:

1-Sura “The Earthly Bow”.

2-Sura “Explained”.

3-Sura “Star”.

4-Sura “The Clot”. There are also several verses in the Koran, after reading which it is desirable to bow down.

Unwanted actions

Ruling 372 – It is undesirable for a person who does not have a great ablution to perform the following actions:

1 and 2-It is undesirable to eat and drink. But if he performs a small ritual ablution (wudu), then eating and drinking is allowed.

3-reciting more than seven Koranic verses, even from surahs that do not have a verse of prostration.

4-To touch the cover of the Holy Qur’an, its margins, and the empty spaces between the lines of the Qur’an. It is also not advisable to have the Koran with you.

5-It is undesirable to sleep, but if you perform a small ablution, then you are allowed to sleep.

6-Dye your hair with henna and similar substances.

7-Rub the body with oil and various creams.

8-It is undesirable to engage in intimate intimacy after the emission of sperm and before ablution.