13 // 2 – Earth

Rule 200 – If a person’s feet or the soles of his shoes become defiled by walking on defiled ground, they will become clean if the person walks a certain distance on pure ground, or a portrait of his defiled foot. Provided that the ground is clean and dry, and the dirt itself is removed directly from the foot or sole of the shoe. Under the ground in this case is meant soil, soil, stone, brick and the like. Walking on carpet, grass and straw mats, as well as on grass, do not clean the lower part of the foot and the sole of the shoe.

Regulation 201 – As a mandatory measure, the bottom of the foot and the sole of the shoe are not cleaned when walking on a wooden surface. But they are cleaned when walking on asphalt.

Rule 202 – In order to cleanse a defiled foot and the sole of a shoe, it is enough to walk a little on the ground, or to rub the foot or shoe against it. But it will be better if you walk at least 7.5 meters.

Rule 203 – It is not necessary for the defiled foot and the sole of the shoe to be wet. Even if the foot and sole are dry, they will become clean after walking on the ground. Insignificant moisture of the ground, which is not transferred to other objects, will also not interfere with the process of cleaning the foot and the sole of the shoe.

Ruling 204 – If a small area around the foot or the sole of a shoe has been defiled while walking on defiled ground, it will also become clean if the ground touches it during purification. According to the mandatory measure, the earth does not clean the hands and knees of a person who leans on them while walking, artificial legs, canes, animal hooves, car wheels and similar objects.

Rule 205 – It does not matter if small particles of dirt remain on the bottom of the foot or on the sole of the shoe, which can only be completely cleansed with water. There is also nothing wrong with the fact that the smell and color of dirt will remain on the feet or the soles of the shoes.

Regulation 206 – The inside of the shoe is not cleaned when walking on the ground. According to a mandatory measure, walking on the ground also does not clean the soles of socks, except for cases when the socks are made of leather and are used instead of shoes.

3 – The sun

Proposition 207 – The sun’s rays cleanse the defiled earth and the defiled roofs of buildings. However, according to mandatory measures, they do not clean the buildings themselves, doors, gates and the like.

Rule 208 – In order for the earth and the roofs of buildings to be purified by the rays of the sun, several conditions must be met:

First: The contaminated ground or roof of the building must be wet. Thus, if the ground or roof is dry, it must be wetted before cleaning with the sun’s rays. After the moisture evaporates as a result of exposure to the sun’s rays, the ground and the roof will become clean.

Second: The defilement itself must first be removed directly from the defiled ground or roof.

Third: The sun’s rays must fall directly on the impounded ground or roof, and not through a cloud, curtain, or other obstruction. But if the obstacle is very thin and does not block the path of the sun’s rays, then in this case the ground and the roof will be cleared. In this case, the glass is not an obstacle to the sun’s rays.

Fourth: Wet contaminated ground or roof should be dried only as a result of exposure to the sun’s rays. If they are dried by wind or any other heat source, they will not become clean. Except for cases when the wind or the heat source will be so weak that it will be possible to say: the earth and the roof have been dried by the sun.

Regulation 209 – According to the mandatory measure, the rays of the sun do not purify defiled mats, trees and grass.

Rule 210 – If a person doubts whether the earth has been purified by the sun’s rays or not, whether the sun’s rays have been prevented from reaching the earth or not, whether the impurity itself has been previously removed from the defiled land or not, then the land continues to be considered defiled.

Proposition 211 – If the sun’s rays fall on only a part of the earth defiled by moisture and dry it, then only that part of the earth will become pure.

4 – Change in the composition of the substance

Rule 212 – If an impurity, under the influence of various phenomena, changes its chemical composition, or changes so much that it will no longer be called by its former name, then this impurity ceases to be bad and becomes pure. For example, if a dog, which is inherently bad, dies in a salt deposit, and then its corpse turns into salt, then that salt will be pure. Or if a defiled tree burns and turns into ashes, or if defiled water turns into steam. But if only the state of the defiled object changes, for example, if defiled wheat is ground into flour, then the flour will not become pure.

Rule 213 – Charcoal that has been made from defiled wood is also considered defiled. Jugs and bricks made from defiled clay are also considered defiled.

Rule 214 – If there is any doubt as to whether or not the composition of impurity or impure objects has changed, they continue to be considered bad and defiled.

5 – Turning wine into vinegar

Clause 215 – If wine, by itself or as a result

if you add anything to it, it will turn into vinegar, then the resulting vinegar will be pure.

Rule 216 – If wine is turned into vinegar that has been made from defiled grapes, then the vinegar will not become pure. And if some impurity from the outside got into the wine, then, after its transformation into vinegar, it is necessary to avoid the obtained vinegar. Also, if crushed grapes, raisins or dates are used to prepare vinegar, the resulting vinegar will not be pure.

Rule 217 – If grapes are used to make vinegar, together with the branches of the vine, which first turn into wine and then into vinegar, then the resulting vinegar will be pure. If cucumbers, eggplants or other vegetables and fruits are used together with grapes, then according to the mandatory measure, the obtained vinegar should be avoided.

Ruling 218 – Raisins and dates added to food are allowed to be eaten even if they are boiled.

6 – Reduction of grape juice by 2/3 of the former volume

Rule 219 – If the grape juice boils under the influence of high heat (for example, the flame of a fire), it will not become defiled, but it is forbidden to eat it. But if it will be boiled for so long that two-thirds of its volume evaporates and only one-third remains, then in this case it is allowed to be eaten. When the grape juice plays with itself, it turns into wine, which is bad and forbidden to drink. But when the wine turns into vinegar, the resulting vinegar will be clean and allowed to be eaten.

Rule 220 – If you squeeze the juice from an unripe and unripe grape and then boil it, it will not become defiled and forbidden to eat.

Rule 221 – If it is not known whether a given liquid is the juice of unripe grapes or ripe grapes, it will not become forbidden to eat after boiling it.

Ruling 222 – Grape juice bought in the bazaar from a seller who is aware of the above rulings is pure and permissible for consumption and there is no need for examination.

7 – Movement

Rule 223 – If the blood of a person, as well as the blood of an animal, which in the case of a puncture comes out under pressure, moves into the body of an animal whose blood, in the case of a puncture, does not come out under pressure, then it will cease to be bad if it becomes considered blood’ I am the last one. Thus, if a mosquito sucks blood from a human body and it becomes part of the mosquito’s body, then that blood will be considered pure. But if human blood is sucked by a leech, the blood will not cease to be bad, as it will not become part of the leech’s body.

Rule 224 – If a person has doubts about the blood of a killed mosquito, that is, this blood is from the mosquito itself or it has recently sucked it from the human body, then this blood is considered pure. If he is convinced that this blood has not yet become part of the mosquito’s body, then it is bad.

8 – Adoption of Islam

Rule 225 – In the chapter on impurity, it was said that according to the obligatory measure, it is necessary to avoid a non-believer. In the sense that during the performance of prayer and other ritual actions that require cleanliness of the body and clothes, the body and clothes of a Muslim should not be objects, in a wet state, came into contact with the body of an unbelieving person. And if an unbeliever says the testimony of faith (I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah) then he will become a Muslim and his body will become pure. However, if there is dirt on his body, then it must be removed, and the defiled place should be washed with water. But if the impurity was removed from his body even before he accepted Islam, then there is no need to wash with water.

Ruling 226 – According to an obligatory measure, the clothes that were on the body of a non-believer at the time of his acceptance of Islam do not become clean.

Ruling 227 – If a non-believer does not utter the profession of faith out loud, but has faith in it in his heart, then he becomes a Muslim. If he testifies aloud, but people will be convinced that there is no faith in his heart, then, according to the mandatory measure, it is necessary to avoid him.

9 – Cleansing one defiled object after another

Rule 228 – If the wine, having turned into vinegar, becomes pure, then the vessel in which the grapes fermented before turning into vinegar also becomes pure. The cover of the dish (or the material with which the dish was closed) that came into contact with the wine will also become clean.

Rule 229 – If the wine overflows the neck of the vessel during fermentation and stains its exterior, then, after the wine has turned into vinegar, the exterior of the vessel will not become clean.

Ruling 230 – Minor children of non-believers become pure after their parents embrace Islam.

Ruling 231 – The surface on which the corpse of a Muslim is ablution, the material used to cover his private parts during the ablution, and the hands of the person performing the ablution become clean immediately after the ablution of the corpse is completed.

Regulation 232 – If the contaminated clothing and similar articles are washed with water of less than 384 liters,