Fundamentals of Islam

Lesson one

Imitation in the matter of the basic principles of religion is unacceptable

The foundations of religion are a series of beliefs (monotheism, justice, prophecy, imamate and the afterlife) that form the basis of the religion of Islam. In view of the fact that at all times there have been and still are religious beliefs, in other words, each group of people calls for a number of special beliefs, and therefore it is very necessary for everyone to know the foundations of their beliefs exactly and with reason in order to defend their ideas in the face of the onslaught of a sinister propaganda and not be misled. When it is said that everyone should learn the foundations and principles of his religion on the basis of arguments and evidence, this does not mean that he should study religious and philosophical books for many years, it is quite enough for him to know the foundations of his convictions in the simplest and at the same time inevitable arguments. They say that the old woman who was spinning the thread was asked: - How can you prove the existence of Allah? The old woman immediately stopped spinning, and as soon as the spinning wheel stopped, she said: “Just as this spinning wheel cannot rotate by itself, how can it be argued that this huge world, this huge universe rotates without its spinner and by itself can keep spinning! Imitation in Minor Matters of Religion

When a person has reasonably realized the basic principles of his religion, in minor matters of religion, such as namaz (prayer - lane), ruze (post - lane), hajj (pilgrimage - lane), transaction and other issues, he can imitate a person who meets all the requirements mujtehid (Shia jurist who has reached the highest degree in the interpretation of religious laws - trans.), specializing in the field of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence - trans.) and argumentation [producing divine decrees from appropriate arguments]. Imitation means seeking advice from a specialist. This means that if a person does not have awareness in any of life's issues, then he can turn to a specialist with a question of interest to him. For example, if a person is sick, he should go to a doctor; if he wants to build a house, he should go to an architect or an experienced stonemason. The same happens in matters related to secondary matters of religion and divine decrees. In such cases, a person should turn to a specialist in this matter - a mujtehid that meets all the requirements and establish his opinion as the basis of his practical activities.